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Welcome to Al Misbaah Students' Blog: Where Your Reflections Matter"

Welcome to Al Misbaah Students' Blog, an open sanctuary where your thoughts, reflections, and personal journey with the Quran find their voice. Here, we invite you to share the depth of your feelings, insights, and experiences as you engage with the sacred text.

This blog is your canvas—a space where every emotion, realization, and contemplation inspired by the Quran can be articulated freely and respectfully. We encourage you to pour your heart onto these digital pages, expressing what the Quran means to you personally.

Your contributions, whether profound or poignant, joyous or thought-provoking, are the threads that weave our collective tapestry of understanding and connection. Let this be a platform where your voice resonates, where your thoughts are cherished, and where your journey enriches the broader discourse on Quranic study.

Join us in this enlightened space, where your reflections find a home, your expressions are valued, and your journey with the Quran is celebrated!

Do you then believe in part of the Book?- Anonymous (QI- 2015)



WE know families that are still fighting over inheritance issues that should have been solved generations ago. What is the problem? If the Quran is in every home, then there should be no problem, right? Sadly, even though most Muslims have multiple copies of the Quran, they may not have the understanding of it. Or if they do, they are too scared to speak up. We don’t realise the consequence of playing around with the laws of Allah. We may not get caught in Dunya for our actions, but the eternal Aakhirah awaits us – may Allah protect us.

It is extremely important for people to know the laws of inheritance: what comes before it and what follows. Islam came and made things easy in order to create a just and fair society. Unfortunately, we have changed things around making life hard for ourselves.

Let us take an example of the five daily prayers. We have to perform the five daily prayers; do we change that? Can we shift their timings or remove one prayer and make it four times daily? Similarly, the laws of inheritance are FIXED; we do NOT have the right to change that.

The amount to be inherited is FIXED by Allah NOT us!

“Study inheritance  and teach it for it is half of knowledge and will be forgotten. It will be the first one to be taken away from my Ummah.” [Ibn Majah:2823]

This article will discuss:

♦ Practice of inheritance in the Jahiliyyah

♦ Islamic laws of Inheritance

♦ The 3 steps, after one dies, that come before inheritance

♦ Wisdom behind Islamic laws on inheritance

♦ Conclusion

♦ The practice of inheritance BEFORE Islam came (Jahiliyyah period) 
  1. The inheritance was divided or based on one’s own declaration.

  2. It was commonly understood  in society that the inheritance would be distributed to the eldest son.

  3. Sometimes the inheritance would go to all the sons and the women would get nothing. The logic behind that was the fact that the men were the ones who had to take risks and protect the tribal system.

(Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah said, “The idolators used to give adult men a share of inheritance and deprive women and children of it.)

Islam came and broke this mindset. Alhamdulillah!

♦ Islamic laws of Inheritance
  1. For Allah, everyone is equal even when inheritance is divided although their shares differ. Shares differ because of their relationship with the deceased and the responsibilities given to them by Allah NOT by what responsibilities they choose to take upon themselves.

  1. Inheritance is distributed after death. Once someone dies, there is immediate transformation of the inheritance.

[For example, if a son and a father die in an accident (e.g. car accident), then it is closely checked who dies first and the inheritance laws are applied according to that. The distribution flows according to who died first, even if it’s the difference of just a couple of seconds between the death of the son and father.]

  1. Inheritance is given to the HEIRS that are ALIVE.

  1. It has to be distributed with documentation in a legal manner for which court lawyers can be hired.

  1. It is distributed for all kinds of wealth: valuable or not. Allah says, “…be it little or much – an obligatory share.” [Surah An-Nisaa, ayah 7]

  1. No matter how memorable a certain item/thing is to you, it has to go according to the Islamic division.  E.g. “I have memories with this hence I can’t give it away” is not acceptable.

  2. Distribution must be done right after death. If one waits too long in the case of properties, then the value of said property changes. This could lead to many problems therefore it’s better to do the distribution there and then. The only clause when it delays is if the wife is pregnant: then it is required to wait and see if the child is male/female.

  3. The heirs can buy the share from each other AFTER they CLAIM their legal distribution since the share solely belongs to them now, hence it’s their wish.

  4. There is no share for the adopted children. A murderer and a disbeliever cannot inherit.

♦ The 3 steps after one dies that come before inheritance

 

♦ Wisdom behind Islamic laws on inheritance

1.Done as per needs and requirements of individuals in society.

2.The men inherit more due to their responsibilities. Men have to provide, he HAS to work and provide for the sisters/ wife etc. Whereas a woman can keep the inheritance she gets and do anything she wants with it.

Example: a. Woman gets her Mahr(dowry; bridal money) and it goes into her locker.

b. A daughter she gets inheritance, again goes into her locker or savings.

c. If her husband dies, again her share is only for her use.

But when a brother, or a man inherits, he HAS to use that money to take care of the sisters/mothers who he is responsible for.

Thus, nothing is unjust in this division for those women who think it is.

3.Division is done in such a way that the wealth circulates in society. Recession happened all around the world because there was no flow of money.

♦ Conclusion

Reward for obeying:

“These are the limits [set by] Allah , and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger will be admitted by Him to gardens [in Paradise] under which rivers flow, abiding eternally therein; and that is the great attainment” [Surah An-Nisaa, Ayah 13]

Punishment of disobedience:

“And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger and transgresses His limits – He will put him into the Fire to abide eternally therein, and he will have a humiliating punishment” [Surah An-Nisaa, Ayah 14]

Please understand and educate the others. Speak up when necessary; remember it should always be the Haqq (truth) over the Baatil (false). Allah says in the Quran,

Let there arise from among you a band of people who should invite to righteousness, enjoin good and forbid evil; such are the ones, who shall be successful.” [Surah Ale Emraan, Ayah 104]

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